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Regarding the transfer of the capital, Jakarta's environmental expenditures are overestimated

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Regarding the transfer of the capital, Jakarta's environmental expenditures are overestimated

Regarding the transfer of the capital, Jakarta's environmental expenditures are overestimated

Observers say that the burden of the city of Jakarta is already too excessive. Indeed, this city must be both the center of the capital and the center of the Indonesian economy. So, according to him, the question of the move of the capital is relevant because of the insufficient load capacity of the environment of the city.

As a result, according to Mahawan Karuniasa, chairman of Indonesia's network of experts on climate change and forestry, Jakarta is often affected by floods, congestion, and groundwater depletion.

"As far as the environment is concerned, Jakarta, as the center of the national capital and economic center, bears a huge burden.It is clear that I think it has exceeded the carrying capacity in Jakarta," Mahawan said. after the launch of the Indonesian Climate Project Research Depository Site, Land Use and Environment (I-CLUE), Morissey Hotel, Jakarta, Tuesday (30/4).

The carrying capacity of the environment itself is the limit of the capacity of the environment to support a population with quality resources. This environmental carrying capacity is not only measured by the capacity of the environment and natural resources to support human life, but also by the ability to accept pollution and construction loads.

"There are floods, traffic jams and a decrease in groundwater, then land subsidence, water problems, and we will have problems if the population continues to grow in Jakarta," he said.

Questioning the percentage of Jakarta having exceeded its carrying capacity, Mahawan said the carrying capacity was very complex.

"What is clear is that the easy indicator is traffic congestion, which means that the number of vehicles exceeds the number of available roads, so flooding due to irrigation factors leads to quantitative pond management. slopes that are not good, "he said.

Mahawan estimated that there were two contexts that pushed the government to finally officially move the capital out of Java.

First, the government seeks to reduce the attractiveness of Jakarta as the center of the economy.

This can prevent people living outside Jakarta from coming to Jakarta in droves.

"Secondly, from a social point of view, urbanization continues to grow, so there is no choice: the city must be properly monitored, able to create jobs, etc.," Mahawan explained. .
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