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NASA finds its first molecule in space

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NASA finds its first molecule in space

NASA finds its first molecule in space

NASA scientists have detected the first type of molecule in space for the first time. A number of scientists have discovered the molecular sign using the world's largest air observatory, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy or SOFIA.

Cited on NASA's official website, scientists estimate that about 100 years after the Big Bang, helium and hydrogen have united, forming a molecule called helium hydride or helium hydride. This helium hydride has never been detected in space.

SOFIA found in the planetary nebula modern helium hydrides similar to the Sun. 

three thousand light-years away from the constellation Cygnus, the nebula is also called NGC 7027. The nebula has conditions allowing a molecule to form and this discovery serves as evidence of the existence of the hydride. helium in space.

According to NASA, molecular discoveries are a key element of fundamental human understanding of the chemistry of the ancient universe. In addition, it is also about understanding how these molecules have evolved over billions of years in more complex chemistry.

"This molecule is hiding, but we need the right instruments to perform the observations in the right position and SOFIA can do it perfectly," said Harold Yorke, director of the SOFIA Science Center.

In addition, NASA explained that 13 billion years ago, after the big bang phenomenon occurred, the universe was hot and there were only a few types of atoms but it was dominated by helium and hydrogen.

When the atoms combine to form the first molecule, the universe can finally cool down and begin to form. NASA scientists have concluded that helium hydride is the first molecule of Primoridial.


Helium hydride itself is a "somewhat difficult" helium because helium is a noble gas that does not bind it to other types of atoms. But in 1925, scientists could make their own molecules by persuading helium to vary one of their electrons with hydrogen ions.

In 2016, NASA scientists used the SOFIA power that can fly up to 45,000 feet. SOFIA makes observations on the layer of the Earth's atmosphere.
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